Approaches to career guidance and development tend to be based on two theoretical frameworks:
1. The relationship between individual social actors and the social structures in which they live as it applies to the actor making decisions regarding employment, education and training within this structure.
2. The interventions of a third party in the above with the intention of helping the actor make these decisions and planning for the future.
Both of these frameworks have been too narrowly defined, and therefore need broadening out. They fail to take into account the complexity of these relationships.
Dr. Kelvin Clayton